Biological Science Faculty Member
Dr. Austin R. Mast
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2000
Graduate Faculty Status
FSU's Institute for Digital Information and Scientific Communication (iDigInfo)
Notes from Nature
Libraries of Life Augmented Reality Cards and App
Research and Professional Interests:
My research program involves topics within the broadly defined area of biodiversity study. I am particularly interested in (1) the interplay of ecology and evolution that determines the form and function of plant life on Earth, (2) the use of biodiversity research specimens and digital information about them to bring that interplay into sharper focus, and (3) public engagement in the research to further science and STEM literacy goals. Historically, I have focused my research on Macadamias and relatives (the plant family Proteaceae), Primroses and relatives (the plant family Primulaceae), and historical biogeography, but I'm keen to innovate wherever I see opportunities to expand our understanding of biodiversity. This has led me deep into the areas of biodiversity informatics and citizen science in recent years, and I have NSF-funded grants in both of those areas.
Participation in iDigBio, NSF's National Resource for the Digitization of Biodiversity Research Collections, has been especially productive. iDigBio is a joint project between University of Florida, Florida State University, and (as of 2021) Arizona State University that engages the collections community in the digitization (e.g., databasing, imaging, georeferencing) of the roughly 1 billion specimens held in US biodiversity research collections and deployment of the data online. I am a co-PI on iDigBio and serve as Director of its Digitization, Workforce Development, and Citizen Science Domain. Broadening participation in digitization via meaningful opportunities (e.g., co-created citizen science projects) is an area of active research in my lab and includes the development of BIOSPEX and the Worldwide Engagement for Digitizing Biocollections (WeDigBio) Event (2015 onward; check out my plenary at the 2015 Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections Conference that provides context for WeDigBio). Also, check out the Libraries of Life Augmented Reality Mobile App (for Android and iOS devices), a product of a new line of science outreach in my lab bringing biodiversity specimens to everyone, irrespective of their proximity to our (often urban) museums.
In addition to those activities, I serve as Director of FSU's Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium, Director of the FSU College of Communication and Information's Institute for Digital Information and Scientific Communication (iDigInfo), and Treasurer for American Society of Plant Taxonomists and the Citizen Science Association, among other things. David Jennings (UF Florida Museum of Natural History) and I have enjoyed offering a popular strategic planning course for biodiversity collections once- or twice-a-year since 2017—announcements of new offerings are made on the iDigBio twitter feed and elsewhere. During the COVID-19 Pandemic, I led a large team to enhance data about the world's 90,000 historic specimens of horseshoe bats and relatives.
I especially enjoy working with students and herbarium staff on projects focused on the biota of the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Panhandle. Students in my lab have studied such things as pollination, changes in range extent and phenology with climate change, invasive species, the evolution of floral development, the biogeography of microbiomes, the biogeography of lineages that reach their greatest diversity in the disjunct New World savannas, and the historical treatment of biological oddities by collectors.
The Florida Panhandle is a great place to be a field biologist—consider joining our lab or pointing your promising students our way.
**Not exhaustive, just some recent stuff.**
Flemming, A., Phillips, M., Shea, E. K., Bolton, A., Lincoln, C., Green, K., Mast, A., Cubeta, M. A. (2020). Using Digital Natural History Collections in K-12 STEM Education. Journal of Museum Education, 45, 450–461. https://doi.org/10.1080/10598650.2020.1833296
Cai, L., Lemmon, E., Lemmon, A., Mast, A., Buddenhagen, C. E., Liu, L., Davis, C. C. (2020). The Perfect Storm: Gene Tree Estimation Error, Incomplete Lineage Sorting, and Ancient Gene Flow Explain the Most Recalcitrant Ancient Angiosperm Clade, Malpighiales. Systematic Biology, 70. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syaa083
Pearson, K., Mast, A. (2019). Mobilizing the biodiversity specimen collection community for effective outlier detection and documentation in the Anthropocene. American Journal of Botany, 106, 1052–8. https://bsapubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/ajb2.1335
Mast, A., Ellwood, E. (2018). Scaling up public engagement in botanical research. American Journal of Botany, 105, 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1075
Ellwood, E. R., Kimberly, P., Guralnick, R., Flemons, P., Love, K., Ellis, S., Allen, J. M., Best, J. H., Carter, R., Chagnoux, S., Costello, R., Denslow, M. W., Dunckel, B. A., Ferriter, M. M., Gilbert, E. E., Goforth, C., Groom, Q., Krimmel, E. R., LaFrance, R., Martinec, L., Miller, A., Minnaert-Grote, J., Nash, T., Oboyski, P., Paul, D. L., Pearson, K. D., Pentcheff, N. D., Roberts, M. A., Seltzer, C. E., Stephens, R., Sweeney, P. W., von Konrat, M., Wall, A., Wetzer, R., Zimmerman, C., Mast, A. R. (2018). Worldwide Engagement for Digitizing Biocollections (WeDigBio)—The Biocollections Community's Citizen Science Space on the Calendar. BioScience 68: 112–124. doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bix143
Buddenhagen, C. E., W. W. Thomas, A. R. Mast. 2017. A First Look at Diversification of Beaksedges (Tribe Rhynchosporeae; Cyperaceae) in Habitat, Pollination, and Photosynthetic Features. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 118. http://dx.doi.org/10.21135/893275341.002
Cardillo, M., Weston, P., Reynolds, Z., Olde, P., Mast, A. R., Lemmon, E. M., Lemmon, A., Bromham, L. 2017. The phylogeny and biogeography of Hakea (Proteaceae) reveals the role of biome shifts in a continental plant radiation. Evolution 71: 1928–1943. doi:10.1111/evo.13276
Lacey, E. A., Hammond, T. T., Walsh, R. E., Bell, K. C., Edwards, S. V., Ellwood, E. R., Guralnick, R., Ickert-Bond, S. M., Mast, A., McCormack, J. E., Monfils, A. K., Soltis, P. S., Soltis, D. E., Cook, J. A. 2017. Climate Change, Collections and the Classroom: Using Big Data to Tackle Big Problems. Evolution: Education and Outreach 10:2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s1205
Ellwood, E., Nelson, G., Bart, H. L., Jr., Doosey, M. H., Jue, D., Mann, J., Rios, N., Mast, A. 2016. Mapping Life—Quality Assessment of Novice vs. Expert Georeferencers. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice, 1(1), 23. doi:http://doi.org/10.5334/cstp.30
Matsunaga, A., Mast, A., Fortes, J. A. B. 2016. Workforce-efficient Consensus in Crowdsourced Transcription of Biocollections Information. Future Generation Computer Systems, 56, 526-536. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2015.07.004
Mast, A., Olde, P. M., Makinson, R. O., Jones, E., Kubes, A., Miller, E., & Weston, P. H. 2015. Paraphyly changes understanding of timing and tempo of diversification in subtribe Hakeinae (Proteaceae), a giant Australian plant radiation. American Journal of Botany, 102(10), 1634–1646. doi:10.3732/ajb.1500195
Thiele, K., Weston, P., Mast, A. 2015. Paraphyly, modern systematics and the transfer of Dryandra into Banksia (Proteaceae): a response to George. Australian Systematic Botany, 28(3), 194–202. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SB15015
Ellwood, E. R., B. Dunckel, P. Flemons, R. Guralnick, G. Nelson, G. Newman, S. Newman, D. Paul, G. Riccardi, N. Rios, K. C. Seltmann, A. R. Mast. 2015. Accelerating Digitization of Biodiversity Research Specimens through Online Public Participation. BioScience, 65(4), 386–396. doi:10.1093/biosci/biv005
Nelson, G., Sweeney, P., Wallace, L. E., Rabeler, R. K., Allard, D., Brown, H., Carter, R. J., Denslow, M. W., Ellwood, E. R., Germain-Aubrey, C. C., Gilbert, E., Gillespie, E., Goertzen, L. R., Legler, B., Marchant, D. B., Marisco, T. D., Morris, A. B., Murrell, Z., Nazaire, M., Neefus, C., Oberreiter, S., Paul, D., Ruhfel, B. R., Sasek, T., Shaw, J., Soltis, P. S., Watson, K., Weeks, A., Mast, A. R. 2015. Digitization workflows for flat sheets and packets of plants, algae, and fungi. Applications in Plant Sciences 3(9):1500065. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3732/apps.1500065