Biological Science Faculty Member
Dr. Brian D. Inouye
Ph.D. in Ecology and MS in Statistics, Duke University, 1998.
Graduate Faculty Status
Research and Professional Interests:I am a quantitative population and community ecologist, mostly working with plants and insects. I am interested in how variation among individuals (in traits, stages, and spatial locations) affects population dynamics and species interactions. Projects in the lab include work on spatial neighborhood effects on plants and insects, tritrophic interactions among plants-seed predators-parasitoids, mathematical models of communities, and phenological responses to climate change.
At each level of organization, from genes to species to communities, one of the most exciting aspects of biology is diversity. Why do some communities have many species, when others are dominated by just a few? The main goal of my research program is to join theoretical and empirical approaches to understanding how species coexist. In particular, I am interested in how spatial and temporal variation in species interactions influence population dynamics, patterns of community structure, and coexistence. One interesting cause of this variation in interactions is the variation inherent in structured populations, i.e. when individuals have different sizes, ages, sexes, or local neighborhoods that affect the strength of their interactions with competitors, predators, and mutualists. Making connections between data and theory requires use of mathematical models, knowledge of experimental design and statistical analysis, and an appreciation of natural history. I am excited about and involved in research in each of these areas. The empirical side of my research program generally involves insect communities, focusing on community modules of tightly interacting species. Insects are ecologically and economically important and fantastically diverse, and most insect species are amenable to experimental manipulations.
Dalton, R. M., N. C. Underwood, D. W. Inouye, M. E. Soulé and B. D. Inouye. 2023. Long-term declines in insect abundance and biomass in a subalpine habitat. Ecosphere 14(8): e4620.
Prather, R. M., Dalton, R. M., barr, B., Blumstein, D. T., Boggs, C. L., Brody, A. K., Inouye, D. W., Irwin, R. E., Martin, J. G. A., Smith, R. J., Van Vuren, D. H., Wells, C. P., Whiteman, H. H., Inouye, B. D., & Underwood, N. 2023. Current and lagged climate affects phenology across diverse taxonomic groups. Proc B, 290(1990). https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2022.2181
Merwin, A.C.., Jue, D., Jue, S., McElveen, and B.D. Inouye. 2022. Frequency and season of burn affect populations of an imperiled butterfly in a longleaf pine forest. Biological Conservation 4(8): e12739. https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.12739
Mutz, J., Heiling J.M., Paniagua-Montoya, M., Halpern S.L., Inouye B.D., and N. Underwood. 2022. Some neighbors are better than others: variation in associational effects among plants in an old field community. J. Ecology 110(9): 2118-2131.
Inouye, B.D., B. J. Brosi, E. H. Le Sage and M. T. Lerdau. 2021. Trade-offs Among Resilience, Robustness, Stability, and Performance and How We Might Study Them. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 10.1093/icb/icab178
Mutz, J., Underwood, N., and B.D. Inouye. 2020. Integrating top-down and bottom-up effects of local density across scales and a complex life cycle. Ecology 101(10): e03118.
Underwood, N., P.A. Hambäck and B.D. Inouye. 2020. Pollinators, herbivores and plant neighborhood effects. Quarterly Review of Biology. 95(1): 37-57.
Zipkin, E., B.D. Inouye, and S.R. Beissinger. 2019. Innovations in data integration for modeling populations. [Introduction to a Special Feature section we organized and edited.] Ecology 100(6):e02713. 10.1002/ecy.2713. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2713
Inouye, B.D., J. Ehrlén, and N. Underwood. 2019. Phenology as a process rather than an event: from individual reaction norms to community metrics. Ecological Monographs 89(2): e01352. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecm.1352